Dienstag, 25 Oktober 2022 15:37

HABBE, B., GANSLOßER, U. & PÜTZ, N. (2010)

Zoo-exhibits in German-speaking countries - design trends and educational aspects.

Int. Zoo News 57, 151 – 161.

Volltext auf Deutsch (PDF)


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EAZA Best Practice Guidelines Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus).

147 Seiten. EAZA Executive Office, Amsterdam.

Volltext (PDF)


The content of the document is divided up into two sections. The Biology and Field data of the species describes the natural range, habitat, behaviour, longevity and Conservation status of cheetah “in-situ”. The Management in Zoos and Aquariums discribest in eight chapters all captive specifications for the best practice regarding the keeping of cheetah in captivity including enclosure design, nutrition, breeding, handling and veterinary care.


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Donnerstag, 20 Oktober 2022 09:55

SVÁBIK, K. (rev. 2020c)

Mixed-species exhibits with Weasels and relatives (Mustelidae) and Skunks (Mephitidae).



As many articles and other publications deal with the subject of general advantages and disadvantages of the mixed-species exhibits, instead of this, here I will assemble a detailed list of mixed exhibits involving at least one member of Mustelidae and Mephitidae.

This document purposefully focuses on creating a list of mixed-species exhibits with Weasels and relatives and Skunks, for further and detailed information it is worth contacting the institutions mentioned below. Only a short summary of the general experiences is given here. Many of the listed coexistences are still ongoing at present; many of them are not anymore.

In the list below you can see which species have been kept in mixed exhibits in captivity:

Weasels and relatives, Mustelidae

  • European Polecat, Mustela putorius Linnaeus, 1758
  • Zorilla, Ictonyx striatus Perry, 1810
  • European Mink, Mustela lutreola Linnaeus, 1761
  • American Mink, Neovison vison Schreber, 1777
  • European Pine Marten, Martes martes Linnaeus, 1758
  • Tayra, Eira barbara Linnaeus, 1758
  • Wolverine, Gulo gulo Linnaeus, 1758
  • Eurasian Otter, Lutra lutra Linnaeus, 1758
  • North American River Otter, Lontra canadensis Schreber, 1777
  • Smooth-coated Otter, Lutrogale perspicillata I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1826
  • Spotted-necked Otter, Hydrictis maculicollis Lichtenstein, 1835
  • Asian Small-clawed Otter, Aonyx cinereus Illiger, 1815
  • African Clawless Otter, Aonyx capensis Schinz, 1821
  • Giant Otter, Pteronura brasiliensis Gmelin, 1788
  • Sea Otter, Enhydra lutris Linnaeus, 1758
  • European Badger, Meles meles Linnaeus, 1758
  • Hog Badger, Arctonyx collaris F.G. Cuvier, 1825
  • Large-toothed Ferret-badger, Melogale personata I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1831
  • American Badger, Taxidea taxus Schreber, 1777

Skunks, Mephitidae

  • Striped Skunk, Mephitis mephitis Schreber, 1776


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Donnerstag, 20 Oktober 2022 09:23

SVÁBIK, K. (rev. 2020b)

Mixed-species exhibits with Cats (Felidae) and Hyenas (Hyaenidae).



Within the narrower meaning of the mixed-species exhibits this document deals with nine species of cats and one species of hyenas.
In the list below you can see which species have been kept in mixed exhibits in captivity:

Cats, Felidae

  • Lion, Panthera leo Linnaeus, 1758
  • Tiger, Panthera tigris Linnaeus, 1758
  • Cheetah, Acinonyx jubatus Schreber, 1775
  • Serval, Leptailurus serval Schreber, 1776
  • Eurasian Lynx, Lynx lynx Linnaeus, 1758
  • Caracal, Caracal caracal Schreber, 1776
  • Puma, Puma concolor Linnaeus, 1771
  • Margay, Leopardus wiedii Schinz, 1821
  • Leopard Cat, Prionailurus bengalensis Kerr, 1792

Hyenas, Hyaenidae

Aardwolf, Proteles cristata Sparrman, 1783


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Social proximities of developing gorilla males (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in European zoos: The consequences of castration and social composition.

Applied Animal Behaviour Science 234 (January 2021) 105175. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2020.105175


In the European captive population of western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla), the harem social structure and an even sex ratio at birth result in a surplus of males and consequent management difficulties. This study seeks to assess the socialization differences between captive juvenile and adolescent male gorillas according to their fertility status (intact vs castrated) in different social compositions (familial vs bachelor groups), and to evaluate the suitability of castration as a management tool for the EEP gorilla population. We carried out social network analyses (SNA) to assess the “positive” proximity pattern of behaviour in 93 western lowland gorillas aged from 0 to 45 years old and housed in 11 social units (seven familial and four bachelor groups). We compared the data recorded for the 27 juvenile and adolescent (i.e. subadult and blackback) males included in our sample size. Although no differences were revealed between the intact juveniles and the castrated juveniles living in familial groups, our results showed that castrated adolescent individuals showed more cohesiveness within their familial group than their intact conspecifics in terms of their activity budget. They also displayed a “positive” proximity pattern of behaviour with all group members, including adults (silverback and females). Despite being significantly more isolated, the intact adolescent males living in bachelor groups do not differ from their castrated and intact counterparts of the same age class living in familial groups in terms of their strength of “positive” behaviour when close to group conspecifics. This effect highlights the social benefits of male-male interactions within gorilla species. Our results may be evidence that both of the management strategies compared here, i.e. bachelor groups and castration, could be appropriate socio-behavioural enrichments during juvenility and adolescence. These findings also highlight the need to continue investigations until the study subjects reach adulthood to validate and/or improve these tools for the welfare-compliant management of gorilla male surplus in captivity.


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Mittwoch, 21 September 2022 09:02

MISLIN, V. & HERZOG, G. (2011)

Erfahrungen bei der Haltung und Nachzucht der madagassischen Flachrücken-Spinnenschildkröte Pyxis planicauda (GRANDIDIER, 1867).

Testudo 20(1): 7-24.



Durch den erhöhten Feuchtigkeitsbedarf stellen die Schildkröten hohe Anforderungen an Hygiene und Pflege. Die Flachrücken-Spinnenschildkröte eignet sich für Schildkrötenhalter, die sich bewusst sind, dass die Haltung auch einen technischen Aufwand benötigt.


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EAZA Best Practice Guidelines YELLOW-FOOTED ROCK WALLABY (Petrogale xanthopus).

Hrsg: Zoo Mülhausen im Elsass. 93 Seiten.


Endemic from  Australia, the yellow-footed rock wallaby(YFRW) is listed as Near Threatened (IUCN, 2016) because its habitat is fragmented and declining (probably not much greater than 20,000 km²) and its population is likely to be less than 10,000 mature individuals. Due to its IUCN status, YFRWs are  under  intensive  level  of  management under an Ex-situ Programme (EEP) in European zoos. The purpose of this programme is to secure a genetically healthy and sustainable captive population which may serve as a backup population for the wild. This  species is  closely followed-up by the Australian government and deep cooperative conservation efforts are implemented between the EEP and the Australian government. It is an Ambassador Agreement (AA) species and the Department of the Environment and Water Resources (DEW) of Australia ensures that all holding institutions meet the husbandry and management requirements for the species, following their own Australian Animal Welfare Standards and Guidelines. These Best Practice Guidelines combine all our current knowledge about general biology and husbandry requirements to provide a high level of well-being for YFRWs in captivity. It is addressed to YFRWs holders to get the most up to date knowledge on housing this emblematic species in the appropriate and best possible way, and for future holders which should be prepared to offer to the animals optimal housing and care. Regularly consulting the Guidelines and sharing them with all staff members (especially keepers!) is recommended. Holders are advised to contact TAG members with any concerns or queries about YFRWs husbandry.

Section 1. Biology and Field Data reflects our current knowledge of this species in the natural environment using the most recent taxonomic information. The philosophy behind this is that ex-situ conservation can be used more  effectively as a conservation tool if it is part of an integrated approach to species conservation (IUCN, 2014). The potential need for a conservation role of an EAZA ex-situ population has therefore been decided in consultation with in-situ specialists. This section provides wide and actual information.

Section 2. Management in Zoos covers housing and exhibition, nutrition, food presentation, welfare and enrichment, social structure, behaviour, and veterinary care. This part was written relying on one survey realized in March-April 2021 among all the 10 European institutions housing YFRWs. Control of breeding is an essential component of  successful managed programmes and comprehensive information to assist zoo veterinarians to decide on the most appropriate contraception method for their animals is provided. Managed programmes rely on control of breeding and  movement of animals between zoos. This document provides advice on birth control, handling, and transportation. A  comprehensive veterinary section  provides information on current knowledge on all aspects ofmedical care. It is essential that YFRWs are provided with complex environments and there is detailed practical information on environmental enrichment and medical training.

Section 3: References & Appendices includes, amongst other documents, a summary of references to each section and examples of appropriate YFRWs diet provided in different EEP institutions.


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Montag, 18 Juli 2022 14:19

SLIWA, A. (2010)

Der Hippodom im Kölner Zoo aus zoologischer Sicht.

VDZ-Jahrestagung, 03.06.2010



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Montag, 18 Juli 2022 08:12

ZESSIN, W. (2007)

Neue Nashornhaltung im Zoo Schwerin - Zooverein informierte sich aus erster Hand.

URSUS 13: 42-46, 6 Abb.

Volltext (PDF)


Der Artikel informiert über die Fortpflanzungsbiologie von Breitmaulnashörnern im Freiland, die Haltungsgeschichte (1980-2007) der ersten Breitmaulnashörner im Zoo Schwerin, Erfahrungen anderer Zoos, Durchgeführte Untersuchungen und Ergebnisse zur künstlichen Besamung im Zoo Schwerin, Durchzuführende Maßnahmen bei Paarhaltung und die geplante neue Nashornhaltung in Schwerin.


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Dienstag, 12 Juli 2022 17:08

JEHNEN, R. (2009)

Zooschule Hannover: Über den Gorillaberg.

Arbeitshilfe Nr. 16.1, 30 Seiten.

Die Mitarbeiter der Zooschule Hannover und der Naturkundeabteilung des Niedersächsischen Landesmuseums haben mit dieser Arbeitshilfe ein „Lehrerbegleitheft“ geschaffen, das es ermöglichen soll, diesen für Besucher sehr attraktiven Zoobereich auch unterrichtlich zu nutzen. Viele Details sind nur durch zusätzliche Erklärung verständlich, viele Informationen sind besonders für Lehrer und Schüler im Sekundarstufenbereich II zu kurz und die dazugehörigen Sachinformationen sind nur durch aufwendige Recherche zu finden. Wir hoffen, dass diese Arbeitshilfe für alle Schulstufen pädagogisch nutzbare Möglichkeiten aufzeigt, denn dies ist ein Hauptanliegen der Mitarbeiter des Zoos und der Zooschule: Besucher und vor allem Schüler sollen an originalen Lebewesen auf Besonderheiten, Verhaltensweisen, die Bedrohung durch den Menschen und deren Verwandtschaft zu uns hingewiesen werden.


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© Peter Dollinger, Zoo Office Bern hyperworx