Sonntag, 31 Oktober 2021 09:17

DANILKIN, A. A. (1995)

Capreolus pygargus.

Mammalian Species 512: 1-7, 3 Abb.

Inhalt:

Die Publikation folgt dem üblichen Schema der Mammalian Species-Datenblätter. Als Autoren für den Gattungsvamen Capreolus werden FRISCH . 1175, und GRAY, 1821, angegeben. Es werden zwei Unterarten (pygargus und tianschanicus) unterschieden. Der Artikel enthält eine s/w-Abbilung eines Rehbocks, eine Strichzeichnung des Gehörns sowie eine Verbreitungskarte, die zwischen C. capreolus, C. p. pygargus und C. p. tianschanicus differenziert.

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Global phylogeography of the genus Capreolus (Artiodactyla: Cervidae), a Palaearctic meso-mammal.

Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2013. 13 Seiten, 3 Abb., DOI: 10.1111/zoj.12091.

Abstract:

Areas of sympatry and hybridization of closely related species can be difficult to assess through morphological differences alone. Species which coexist and are similar morphologically may be distinguished only with molecular techniques. The roe deer (Capreolus spp.) is a meso-mammal having a Palaearctic distribution, with two closely related species: the European C. capreolus and the Siberian C. pygargus. We analysed mtDNA sequences from 245 individuals, sampled through all the entire range of the genus, to investigate the distribution of genetic lineages and outline phylogeographical patterns. We found that: (1) a C. pygargus lineage occurs in Poland and Lithuania, much farther west than the area which so far was believed its westernmost limit; (2) no haplotype of this C. pygargus lineage matches any found in East Europe and Asia – this should rule out human introductions and may indicate Pleistocene–Holocene migrations from the east; (3) no geographical structuring of C. pygargus lineages occurs, questioning the existence of putative subspecies; (4) several genetic lineages of C. capreolus can be recognized, consistent with the existence of two subspecies, respectively in central–southern Italy and southern Spain. Coalescence times suggest that intraspecific variation in C. capreolus and C. pygargus developed approximately 100–10 kya. The extant mitochondrial lineages pre-dated the Last Glacial Maximum. Capreolus pygargus must have moved westward to Central Europe, where at least one genetic lineage still survives, coexisting with C. capreolus.

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Samstag, 23 Oktober 2021 15:50

MOHR, E. (1918)

Biologie und Systematik der Sechsender- Hirsche. Gattung Rusa.

Archiv für Naturgeschichte. 84A (9): 106-143.

Inhalt:

Es werden die 8 Arten der in drei Untergattungen, Hyelaphus, Axis und Rusa augeteilten Gattung Rusa dargestellt. Mit s/w Fotos, Zeichnungen und Verbreitungskarte.

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Samstag, 23 Oktober 2021 10:16

LEHMANN von, E. (1988)

Bemerkungen zu zwei Rehschädeln aus dem Elburs-Gebirge, Iran.

Bonn. zool. Beitr. 39 (2/3): 229—235.

Zusammenfassung:

Zwei Rehschädel aus dem Elburs-Gebirge, die 1986 als Jagdtrophäen vorgelegt wurden, ragen erheblich in der Größe aus den Kleinrehen dieses Gebietes heraus. Sie stimmen mit Rehgeweihen der kleinsten Unterart des Sibirischen Rehes {Capreolus pygargus caucasicus) des nordwestlichen Kaukasusgebietes überein; ebenso mit der Originalbeschreibung (Dinnik 1910) und einigen Abbildungen. Es wird das Auftauchen großer Rehe in Populationen kleinwüchsiger Rehe diskutiert.

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Samstag, 23 Oktober 2021 09:18

MASSETTI, M. (2000)

Note on an Near-Eastern relic population of roe deer Capreolus capreolus (L., 1758) (Mammalia, Artiodactyla).

Biogeographica XXI: 619-623. DOI 10.21426/B6110104.

Summary:

Roe deer from south-eastern Anatolia, Upper Mesopotamia and the northern Levant are referred to the Kurdish subspecies, Capreolus capreolus coxi (Cheesman and Hinton, 1923). This paper confirms the presence of roe deer in the mountainous territories along the extant border between south-eastern Turkey and north-western Syria.

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Guia de Aves del Chaco Seco paraguayo.

92 Seiten, Annildung und Verbreitungskarte zu jeder Art. Guyra Paraguay, Asunción. ISBN: 978-99967-653-4-6.

Buchbeschreibung:

Esta Guía de campo contiene información sobre 125 especies de las aves más representativas del Chaco seco paraguayo. Esta compuesto por fichas por especies que incluyen fotografías, probabilidad de hallazgo, datos de su estado de conservación nacional e internacional, tipo de hábitat, ocurrencia, alimentación, distribución y comportamiento social. Fue elaborado por el equipo técnico de Guyra Paraguay, gracias a los fondos del Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACYT) a través del Programa PROCIENCIA con recursos del Fondo para la Excelencia de la Educación e Investigación – FEEI. Esta Guía se desarrolla entonces como producto del proyecto “Evaluación de la importancia de los Parques Nacionales del Chaco seco como refugio natural para las aves amenazadas y endémicas del Paraguay (14-INV-209)”, buscando fomentar el conocimiento, el estudio y conservación de las aves del Paraguay.

La Guía de Aves del Chaco seco paraguayo complementa 20 años de publicaciones de Guyra Paraguay, continuando con el objetivo de generar materiales científicos de consulta para dar a conocer y concientizar sobre la rica avifauna de nuestro país.

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Dienstag, 05 Oktober 2021 14:58

FRASE, B. A. & HOFFMANN, R. S. (1980)

Marmota flaviventris (Rodentia: Sciuridae).

Mammalian Species 135:1-8; 5 Abbildungen. Veröffentlicht am 15. April 1980 von der American Society of Mammalogists.

Der Artikel folght dem üblichen Schema der Mammamlian Species-Datenblätter. Er enthält einen Bestimmungsschlüssel zu den nordamerikanischen Murmeltieren und führt 11 Unterarten auf.

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Montag, 04 Oktober 2021 11:53

MORITZ, T. & BRITZ, R. (2019)

Revision of the extant Polypteridae (Actinopterygii: Cladistia).

Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters. July 2019: 1-96. DOI:10.23788/IEF-1094

Abstract:

The species-level taxonomy of all extant members of the family Polypteridae is revised. Two genera are recognised: Polypterus and the monotypic Erpetoichthys. Thirteen species of Polypterus are regarded as valid: P. bichir (type species), P. ansorgii, P. congicus, P. delhezi, P. endlicherii, P. mokelembembe, P. ornatipinnis, P. palmas, P. polli, P. retropinnis, P. senegalus, P. teugelsi and P. weeksii. Polypterus lapradei and P. bichir katangae are considered junior synonyms of P. bichir. Polypterus senegalus meridionalis is synonymized with P. senegalus, and P. buettikoferi and P. retropinnis lowei are regarded as junior synonyms of P. palmas. Lectotypes of P. ansorgii, P. congicus and P. delhezi are designated. Distribution maps for each species are compiled and a key for all species of Polypteridae is provided.

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Donnerstag, 23 September 2021 09:35

AGGARWAL, R., RAMADEVI, J. & SINGH, L. (2003)

Ancient origin and evolution of the Indian wolf: Evidence from mitochondrial DNA typing of wolves from Trans-Himalayan region and Peninsular India.

Genome Biology 4(6). DOI:10.1186/gb-2003-4-6-p6

Abstract:

The two wolf types found in India are represented by two isolated populations and believed to be two sub-species of Canis lupus. One of these wolf, locally called Himalayan wolf (HW) or Tibetan wolf, is found only in the upper Trans-Himalayan region from Himachal Pradesh to Leh in Kasmir and is considered to be C. lupus chanco. The other relatively larger population is of Indian Gray wolf (GW) that is found in the peninsular India and considered to be C. lupus pallipes. Both these wolves are accorded endangered species status under the Indian Wildlife Protection Act. In 1998 for the first time in India, we initiated molecular characterization studies to understand their genetic structure and taxonomic status. Since then, we have analyzed the genetic variability in 18 of the total of 21 HW samples available in Zoological parks along with representative samples of GW, wild dogs and jackals. Our study of mitochondrial DNA diversity across three different taxonomically informative domains i.e., cytochrome-B gene, 16S rDNA and hypervariable d-loop control region revealed HW to be genetically distinct from the GW as well as from all other wolves of the world, including C. lupus chanco from China. Most importantly, d-loop haplotypic diversity revealed both HW and GW from India to be significantly diverse from other wolf populations globally and showed that these represent the most ancient lineages among them. Phylogenetic analysis revealed the Indian wolves as two independent lineages in a clade distinct and basal to the clade of all wolves from outside of India. Conservative estimate of evolutionary time-span suggests more than one million years of separation and independent evolution of HW and GW. We hypothesize that Indian wolves represent a post-jackal pre-wolf ancestral radiation that migrated to India about 1-2 mya and underwent independent evolution without contamination from other wolf like canids. The study thus, suggests that Indian subcontinent had been one major center of origin and diversification of the wolf and related canids. Further, the significant degree of genetic differentiation of HW from GW and of these two from other wolves, suggest the interesting possibility of them to be new wolf species/subspecies in evolution that may need to be described possibly as C. himalayaensis and C. indica (or as C. lupus himalyaensis and C. lupus indica), respectively. Thus for the first time, the study reveals new ancient wolf lineages in India and also highlights the need to revisit the origin, evolution and dispersion of wolf populations in Asia and elsewhere. Simultaneously, it increases the conservation importance of Indian wolves warranting urgent measures for their effective protection and management, especially of the small HW population that at present is not even recognized in the canid Red List.

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Freitag, 17 September 2021 15:51

MENDOZA, J. & FRANCKE, O. (1997)

Systematic revision of Brachypelma red-kneed tarantulas (Araneae:Theraphosidae), and the use of DNA barcodes to assist in the identification and conservation of CITES-listed species.

Invertebrate Systematics 31(2):157-179. DOI:10.1071/IS16023

Abstract:

Mexican red-kneed tarantulas of the genus Brachypelma are regarded as some of the most desirable invertebrate pets, and although bred in captivity, they continue to be smuggled out of the wild in large numbers. Species are often difficult to identify based solely on morphology, therefore prompt and accurate identification is required for adequate protection. Thus, we explored the applicability of using COI-based DNA barcoding as a complementary identification tool. Brachypelma smithi (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897) and Brachypelma hamorii Tesmongt, Cleton & Verdez, 1997 are redescribed, and their morphological differences defined. Brachypelma annitha is proposed as a new synonym of B. smithi. The current distribution of red-kneed tarantulas shows that the Balsas River basin may act as a geographical barrier. Morphological and molecular evidence are concordant and together provide robust hypotheses for delimiting Mexican red-kneed tarantula species. DNA barcoding of these tarantulas is further shown to be useful for species-level identification and for potentially preventing black market trade in these spiders. As a Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) listing does not protect habitat, or control wildlife management or human interactions with organisms, it is important to support environmental conservation activities to provide an alternative income for local communities and to avoid damage to wildlife populations.

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