Samstag, 23 Oktober 2021 15:50

MOHR, E. (1918)

Biologie und Systematik der Sechsender- Hirsche. Gattung Rusa.

Archiv für Naturgeschichte. 84A (9): 106-143.


Es werden die 8 Arten der in drei Untergattungen, Hyelaphus, Axis und Rusa augeteilten Gattung Rusa dargestellt. Mit s/w Fotos, Zeichnungen und Verbreitungskarte.


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Samstag, 23 Oktober 2021 10:16

LEHMANN von, E. (1988)

Bemerkungen zu zwei Rehschädeln aus dem Elburs-Gebirge, Iran.

Bonn. zool. Beitr. 39 (2/3): 229—235.


Zwei Rehschädel aus dem Elburs-Gebirge, die 1986 als Jagdtrophäen vorgelegt wurden, ragen erheblich in der Größe aus den Kleinrehen dieses Gebietes heraus. Sie stimmen mit Rehgeweihen der kleinsten Unterart des Sibirischen Rehes {Capreolus pygargus caucasicus) des nordwestlichen Kaukasusgebietes überein; ebenso mit der Originalbeschreibung (Dinnik 1910) und einigen Abbildungen. Es wird das Auftauchen großer Rehe in Populationen kleinwüchsiger Rehe diskutiert.


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Samstag, 23 Oktober 2021 09:18

MASSETTI, M. (2000)

Note on an Near-Eastern relic population of roe deer Capreolus capreolus (L., 1758) (Mammalia, Artiodactyla).

Biogeographica XXI: 619-623. DOI 10.21426/B6110104.


Roe deer from south-eastern Anatolia, Upper Mesopotamia and the northern Levant are referred to the Kurdish subspecies, Capreolus capreolus coxi (Cheesman and Hinton, 1923). This paper confirms the presence of roe deer in the mountainous territories along the extant border between south-eastern Turkey and north-western Syria.


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Guia de Aves del Chaco Seco paraguayo.

92 Seiten, Annildung und Verbreitungskarte zu jeder Art. Guyra Paraguay, Asunción. ISBN: 978-99967-653-4-6.


Esta Guía de campo contiene información sobre 125 especies de las aves más representativas del Chaco seco paraguayo. Esta compuesto por fichas por especies que incluyen fotografías, probabilidad de hallazgo, datos de su estado de conservación nacional e internacional, tipo de hábitat, ocurrencia, alimentación, distribución y comportamiento social. Fue elaborado por el equipo técnico de Guyra Paraguay, gracias a los fondos del Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACYT) a través del Programa PROCIENCIA con recursos del Fondo para la Excelencia de la Educación e Investigación – FEEI. Esta Guía se desarrolla entonces como producto del proyecto “Evaluación de la importancia de los Parques Nacionales del Chaco seco como refugio natural para las aves amenazadas y endémicas del Paraguay (14-INV-209)”, buscando fomentar el conocimiento, el estudio y conservación de las aves del Paraguay.

La Guía de Aves del Chaco seco paraguayo complementa 20 años de publicaciones de Guyra Paraguay, continuando con el objetivo de generar materiales científicos de consulta para dar a conocer y concientizar sobre la rica avifauna de nuestro país.


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Dienstag, 05 Oktober 2021 14:58

FRASE, B. A. & HOFFMANN, R. S. (1980)

Marmota flaviventris (Rodentia: Sciuridae).

Mammalian Species 135:1-8; 5 Abbildungen. Veröffentlicht am 15. April 1980 von der American Society of Mammalogists.

Der Artikel folght dem üblichen Schema der Mammamlian Species-Datenblätter. Er enthält einen Bestimmungsschlüssel zu den nordamerikanischen Murmeltieren und führt 11 Unterarten auf.


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Montag, 04 Oktober 2021 11:53

MORITZ, T. & BRITZ, R. (2019)

Revision of the extant Polypteridae (Actinopterygii: Cladistia).

Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters. July 2019: 1-96. DOI:10.23788/IEF-1094


The species-level taxonomy of all extant members of the family Polypteridae is revised. Two genera are recognised: Polypterus and the monotypic Erpetoichthys. Thirteen species of Polypterus are regarded as valid: P. bichir (type species), P. ansorgii, P. congicus, P. delhezi, P. endlicherii, P. mokelembembe, P. ornatipinnis, P. palmas, P. polli, P. retropinnis, P. senegalus, P. teugelsi and P. weeksii. Polypterus lapradei and P. bichir katangae are considered junior synonyms of P. bichir. Polypterus senegalus meridionalis is synonymized with P. senegalus, and P. buettikoferi and P. retropinnis lowei are regarded as junior synonyms of P. palmas. Lectotypes of P. ansorgii, P. congicus and P. delhezi are designated. Distribution maps for each species are compiled and a key for all species of Polypteridae is provided.


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Donnerstag, 23 September 2021 09:35


Ancient origin and evolution of the Indian wolf: Evidence from mitochondrial DNA typing of wolves from Trans-Himalayan region and Peninsular India.

Genome Biology 4(6). DOI:10.1186/gb-2003-4-6-p6


The two wolf types found in India are represented by two isolated populations and believed to be two sub-species of Canis lupus. One of these wolf, locally called Himalayan wolf (HW) or Tibetan wolf, is found only in the upper Trans-Himalayan region from Himachal Pradesh to Leh in Kasmir and is considered to be C. lupus chanco. The other relatively larger population is of Indian Gray wolf (GW) that is found in the peninsular India and considered to be C. lupus pallipes. Both these wolves are accorded endangered species status under the Indian Wildlife Protection Act. In 1998 for the first time in India, we initiated molecular characterization studies to understand their genetic structure and taxonomic status. Since then, we have analyzed the genetic variability in 18 of the total of 21 HW samples available in Zoological parks along with representative samples of GW, wild dogs and jackals. Our study of mitochondrial DNA diversity across three different taxonomically informative domains i.e., cytochrome-B gene, 16S rDNA and hypervariable d-loop control region revealed HW to be genetically distinct from the GW as well as from all other wolves of the world, including C. lupus chanco from China. Most importantly, d-loop haplotypic diversity revealed both HW and GW from India to be significantly diverse from other wolf populations globally and showed that these represent the most ancient lineages among them. Phylogenetic analysis revealed the Indian wolves as two independent lineages in a clade distinct and basal to the clade of all wolves from outside of India. Conservative estimate of evolutionary time-span suggests more than one million years of separation and independent evolution of HW and GW. We hypothesize that Indian wolves represent a post-jackal pre-wolf ancestral radiation that migrated to India about 1-2 mya and underwent independent evolution without contamination from other wolf like canids. The study thus, suggests that Indian subcontinent had been one major center of origin and diversification of the wolf and related canids. Further, the significant degree of genetic differentiation of HW from GW and of these two from other wolves, suggest the interesting possibility of them to be new wolf species/subspecies in evolution that may need to be described possibly as C. himalayaensis and C. indica (or as C. lupus himalyaensis and C. lupus indica), respectively. Thus for the first time, the study reveals new ancient wolf lineages in India and also highlights the need to revisit the origin, evolution and dispersion of wolf populations in Asia and elsewhere. Simultaneously, it increases the conservation importance of Indian wolves warranting urgent measures for their effective protection and management, especially of the small HW population that at present is not even recognized in the canid Red List.


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Freitag, 17 September 2021 15:51

MENDOZA, J. & FRANCKE, O. (1997)

Systematic revision of Brachypelma red-kneed tarantulas (Araneae:Theraphosidae), and the use of DNA barcodes to assist in the identification and conservation of CITES-listed species.

Invertebrate Systematics 31(2):157-179. DOI:10.1071/IS16023


Mexican red-kneed tarantulas of the genus Brachypelma are regarded as some of the most desirable invertebrate pets, and although bred in captivity, they continue to be smuggled out of the wild in large numbers. Species are often difficult to identify based solely on morphology, therefore prompt and accurate identification is required for adequate protection. Thus, we explored the applicability of using COI-based DNA barcoding as a complementary identification tool. Brachypelma smithi (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897) and Brachypelma hamorii Tesmongt, Cleton & Verdez, 1997 are redescribed, and their morphological differences defined. Brachypelma annitha is proposed as a new synonym of B. smithi. The current distribution of red-kneed tarantulas shows that the Balsas River basin may act as a geographical barrier. Morphological and molecular evidence are concordant and together provide robust hypotheses for delimiting Mexican red-kneed tarantula species. DNA barcoding of these tarantulas is further shown to be useful for species-level identification and for potentially preventing black market trade in these spiders. As a Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) listing does not protect habitat, or control wildlife management or human interactions with organisms, it is important to support environmental conservation activities to provide an alternative income for local communities and to avoid damage to wildlife populations.


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Montag, 06 September 2021 08:57

ELLIOTT, C. L. & FLINDERS, J. T. (1991)

Spermophilus columbianus.

Mammalian Species 372: 1–9. Published 12 April 1991 by The American Society of Mammalogists.

Der Artikel folgt dem üblichen Schema der Mammalian Species-Datenblätter mit folgenden Abschnitten:
Context and Content; Diagnosis; General Characters; Distribution; Form and Function; Ontogeny and Reproduction; Ecology; Behavior; Literature.


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Generic Revision in the Holarctic Ground Squirrel Genus Spermophilus.

Journal of Mammalogy 90 (2), 14 April 2009, Pages 270–305,


The substantial body of research on Holarctic ground squirrels amassed over the past century documents considerable variability in morphological, cytogenetic, ecological, and behavioral attributes in the genus Spermophilus F. Cuvier, 1825. Recent molecular phylogenetic studies suggest that the traditionally recognized genera Marmota Blumenbach, 1779 (marmots), Cynomys Rafinesque, 1817 (prairie dogs), and Ammospermophilus Merriam, 1892 (antelope ground squirrels) render Spermophilus paraphyletic, potentially suggesting that multiple generic-level lineages should be credited within Spermophilus. Herein, we recognize 8 genera formerly subsumed in Spermophilus, each of which is morphologically diagnosable, craniometrically distinctive, and recovered as a monophyletic clade in phylogenetic analyses utilizing the mitochondrial gene cytochrome b. Generic-level names are available for each of these ground squirrel assemblages, most of which are exclusively or predominantly North American in distribution (Notocitellus A. H. Howell, 1938; Otospermophilus Brandt, 1844; Callospermophilus Merriam, 1897; Ictidomys J. A. Allen, 1877; Poliocitellus A. H. Howell, 1938; Xerospermophilus Merriam, 1892; and Urocitellus Obolenskij, 1927). Only Spermophilus sensu stricto is restricted to Eurasia. Generic subdivision of Spermophilus more aptly illuminates the taxonomic relationships, ecomorphological disparity, and biogeographic history of Holarctic ground squirrels.


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