The pigeon names Columba livia, 'C. domestica' and C. oenas and their type specimens.
Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 136(1):14-27.
The name Columba domestica Linnaeus, 1758, is senior to Columba livia J. F. Gmelin, 1789, but both names apply to the same biological species, Rock Dove or Feral Pigeon, which is widely known as C. livia. The type series of livia is mixed, including specimens of Stock Dove C. oenas, wild Rock Dove, various domestic pigeon breeds and two other pigeon species that are not congeners. In the absence of a plate unambiguously depicting a wild bird being cited in the original description, a neotype for livia is designated based on a Fair Isle (Scotland) specimen. The name domestica is based on specimens of the 'runt' breed, originally illustrated by Aldrovandi (1600) and copied by Willughby (1678) and a female domestic specimen studied but not illustrated by the latter. The name C. oenas Linnaeus, 1758, is also based on a mixed series, including at least one Feral Pigeon. The individual illustrated in one of Aldrovandi's (1600) oenas plates is designated as a lectotype, type locality Bologna, Italy. The names Columba gutturosa Linnaeus, 1758, and Columba cucullata Linnaeus, 1758, cannot be suppressed given their limited usage. The issue of priority between livia and domestica, and between both of them and gutturosa and cucullata, requires ICZN attention. Other names introduced by Linnaeus (1758) or Gmelin (1789) based on domestic breeds are considered invalid, subject to implicit first reviser actions or nomina oblita with respect to livia and domestica.
Ethogramm der Taube.
"Orn-Projekt" Nr. 13, XII/91, Ruhr Universität Bochum 1991.
Durch eine ethometrischen Analyse an Strassentauben wurde gezeigt, dass unter Übervölkerungsbedingungen der grösste Teil aller sozialen Interaktionen aggressiver Natur ist. Diese führen über verschiedene Mechanismen zu "slumartigen" Lebensbedingungen, die von intraspezifischem Stress geprägt sind. Die Errechnung der Lebenshäufigkeiten der wichtigsten aggressiv und sexuell motiverten sozialen Interaktionen ermöglicht eine Charakterisierung der Strassentaube in ihrem urbanen Lebensraum. Dabei zeigt es sich, dass an natürliche Umweltbedingungen angepasste Verhaltensweisen in der anthropogenen Umgebung zum Fehlverhalten werden können. In der kommerziellen Haustaubenhaltung sollte ebenfalls versucht werden, zu hohe Dichten zu verhindern. Dabei müssten auch rassenspezifische Veranlagungen für die Bereitschaft, aggressives Verhalten zu zeigen, berücksichtigt werden. Bei Strassentauben dürften die häufigen aggressiven Interaktionen am Brutplatz eine wichtige Rolle als dichteabhängiger Regulationsmechanismus der Populationsgrösse spielen.
Phylogeny and biogeography of the fruit doves (Aves: Columbidae).
Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2014 Jan;70:442-53. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2013.08.019. Epub 2013 Sep 4.
We reconstruct the phylogeny of fruit doves (genus Ptilinopus) and allies with a dense sampling that includes almost all species, based on mitochondrial and nuclear sequence data. We evaluate the most likely biogeographic scenario for the evolution of this group that colonized many islands of the Pacific Ocean. We also investigate the evolution of one of the main plumage character of fruit doves (the color of the crown), and we propose several revisions of the group's systematics. All Ptilinopus taxa formed a monophyletic group that includes two morphologically distinct genera, Alectroenas and Drepanoptila, confirming a previous result found with less species and genes. The divergence time analysis suggests that the basal divergences within Ptilinopus dated to the Early Oligocene, and the biogeographic analysis indicates that fruit doves originated most probably from the proto New Guinea region. The earliest dispersals from the New Guinea region to Oceania occurred with the colonization of New Caledonia and Fiji. A large group of Polynesian species (Central and Eastern), as well as the three taxa found in Micronesia and four species from the Guinean-Moluccan region, form the "purpuratus" clade, the largest diversification of fruit doves within Oceania, which also has a New Guinean origin. However, the eastbound colonization of fruit doves was not associated with a significant increase of their diversification rate. Overall, the Melanesian region did not act as a cradle for fruit doves, in contrast to the New Guinea region which is found as the ancestral area for several nodes within the phylogeny.
A molecular phylogeny of the dove genera Streptopelia and Columba.
The Auk 118(4):874-887, 2001
ABSTRACT: Evolutionary history of the dove genus Streptopelia has not been examined with rigorous phylogenetic methods. We present a study of phylogenetic relationships of Streptopelia based on over 3,600 base pairs of nuclear and mitochondrial gene sequences. To test for monophyly of Streptopelia, we used several other columbiform taxa, including Columba (Old and New World), Macropygia, Reinwardtoena, and the enigmatic Pink Pigeon (Nesoenas mayeri). On the basis of our analyses, Streptopelia (as currently defined) is not monophyletic; Nesoenas mayeri is the sister species to S. picturata, resulting in paraphyly of Streptopelia. Three main clades of Streptopelia are identified: (1) S. chinensis plus S. senegalensis, (2) S. picturata plus Nesoenas mayeri, and (3) all other species of Streptopelia. It is unclear whether those clades form a monophyletic group to the exclusion of Old World Columba, but several analyses produce that result. Species of Old World Columba are closely related to Streptopelia, with species of New World Columba clustering outside that group. Taxonomic changes suggested by our results include merging Nesoenas with Streptopelia and changing the generic name for New World Columba species to Patagioenas. Vocal similarities between S. picturata and N. mayeri are striking, given the general diversity of vocalizations in other species.