Donnerstag, 14 Juni 2018 09:57

PETER, W. & HOHMANN, G. (1983)

Nationalpark Komodo.

Z. Kölner Zoo 26, 3: 95-102.

Volltext (PDF)


Berichtet wurd von einem mehrtägigen Aufenthalt im Komodo-Nationalpark. Die Topographie der Insel, ihr Klima und Beobachtungen an Komodowaranen werden beschrieben.

Außer der Fauna der Insel wird auch die Fahrt dorthin geschildert und auf Planungen der indonesischen Naturschutzbehörde bezüglich der weiteren touristischen Erschließung der Insel eingegangen.

Der Komodo-Nationalpark ist relativ gut mit dem Schiff erreichbar und es ist auch dafür gesorgt, dass Touristen im Dorf Komodo für umgerechnet 4.- DM/Person und Nacht übernachten können.

Die Fütterungsstelle Bamu Nggulung bietet auch für eilige Gäste dieser kleinen Insel die Gewähr, Komodowarane aus nächster Nähe beim Fressen beobachten zu können.

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Inventory of the Eulemur macaco flavifrons population in the Sahamalaza protected area, northwest Madagascar, with notes on an unusual colour variant of E. macaco.

Primate Report Special Issue 72 (1): 39-40.


The blue-eyed black lemur (Eulemur macaco flavifrons; Emf), the taxonomic validity of which was recently confirmed, was rediscovered by science only in 1983 and is still one of the least-studied of all lemur taxa.
It is only found in the sub-humid forests of the Sahamalaza peninsula and in a small stretch of forest on the adjacent mainland. In the north-eastern part of its range the subspecies seems to hybridise with the nominate subspecies, E. m. macaco (Emm).

Emf is listed as critically endangered by the IUCN. Its remaining habitat is already substantially fragmented. A protected area, including the Sahamalaza peninsula and thus the probably largest remaining population of blue-eyed black lemurs, is currently in the process of creation. As part of a long-term research and conservation programme we counted the total number of individual Emf in two fragments of the Ankarafa forest in the south-western part of the peninsula to be 37 individuals on 0.61 km2. We extrapolate this count to the total forested area of the national park and compare the figures with earlier population estimates for the subspecies. We moreover provide preliminary data on a population of Eulemur macaco showing an unusual fur colouration different to that of both described subspecies. These animals occur around the village of Kapany, about 12 km north of Maromandia [5] and thus in the western part of the Emf and Emm border region. As they are homogeneous in colouration across groups and forest fragments it is unlikely that they represent subspecies hybrids.

Der Volltext des Artikel s  kann heruntergeladen werden von der Internetseite der AEECL:


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A new park in the Bolivian Gran Chaco – an advance in tropical dry forest conservation and community-based management.

ORYX 31: 189-198. ISSN 0030-6053.


The Kaa-Iya del Gran Chaco National Park and Integrated Management Area was established in September 1995. At 3.44 million hectares it is one of South America's largest protected areas. The tropical dry forest of the Chaco, which this reserve protects, is Bolivia's most threatened major lowland habitat type. With the creation of this reserve the protected-area coverage of the Gran Chaco increased to 4.7 per cent. With at least 69 species of mammals (the Chiroptera have not yet been surveyed), it is one of the richest Neotropical sites for this taxonomic group. The Kaa-Iya park is being administered by the Izoceño-Guaraní Indian organization, the Capitanía del Alto y Bajo Izozog, and puts community-based conservation into practice. Threats to the park include encroachment by colonists, ranchers and farmers; the Bolivia–Brazil gas pipeline; and hunting.



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Clouded leopard co-exist with other five felids in Chitwan National Park, Nepal.

Cat News No. 61: 30-42.  IUCN Cat Specialist Group. ISSN 1027-2992.


Once believed to be regionally extinct in Nepal, the clouded leopard Neofelis nebulosa, was recorded in 1989 and again in recent years with two new photographicevidence from Annapurna Conservation Area and Shivapuri Nagarjun National Park in 2011 and 2012. This year we recorded photographs of three individual clouded leopardsfrom two locations in Chitwan National Park using camera traps. With this record, Chitwan National Park is one of the few parks in the world with six felid species i.e. tiger Panthera tigris, common leopard Panthera pardus, clouded leopard, fishing cat Prionailurus viverrinus, leopard cat Prionailurus bengalensis and jungle cat Felis chaus.



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The rare flat-headed cat and other felids in Tabin Wildlife Reserve, Sabah, Malaysia.

Cat News No. 61: 37-41.  IUCN Cat Specialist Group. ISSN 1027-2992.


We present new observations of all five species of wild felid captured using large high-density camera trapping grids installed in Tabin Wildlife Reserve between the months March 2011-October 2012. This includes areas in the eastern part of the reserve that have never been surveyed before using the camera-trapping techniques. Camera trapping surveys within each grid were conducted for at least 12 weeks andran continuously over 24 hrs ensuring all individuals were captured. Our captures indicate secondary lowland dipterocarp forest is inhabited by all species of felid andevent data augment the little information available on the bay cat, marbled cat andflat-headed cat, the latter which was only previously recorded in Tabin on one occasion. Our capture of the flat-headed cat extends the known eastern range of this species.



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Impact of the black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis minor ) on a local population of Euphorbia bothae  in the Great Fish River Reserve, South Africa.

African Journal of Ecology 47 (4): 509–517, December 2009
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2028.2008.00973.x


In the Great Fish River Reserve, South Africa, black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis minor) feed extensively on a local population of Euphorbia bothae. Maintaining the endangered black rhinoceros and the protected E. bothae population are both conservation priorities of the reserve. Therefore, the sustainability of this plant–animal interaction was investigated by comparing population characteristics, browsing incidence and intensity within the reserve and in an adjacent exclosure without access to rhino. Fixed-point photographs showed that over a 2-month period 36.6% of 213 monitored plants were browsed, with an average biomass loss of 13%, and 1% were destroyed. Of 26 plants re-photographed after approximately 3 years, 70% showed a decrease in biomass, averaging 37.8% over this period. In this time span, 19% of the monitored plants died. Small plants (<45 cm) were over-represented in the rhino-browsed area, whereas the fraction of reproductively active plants and overall plant density were found to be lower than in the adjacent exclosure. No evidence of short-term compensatory growth in response to browsing was found for E. bothae. This study indicates that, with the current population size, rhinos are overexploiting the E. bothae population and special measures should be taken to prevent local extinction.



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Donnerstag, 14 Juni 2018 15:38


A Guide to the Addo Elephant National  Park.

66 Seiten. Historische s/w-Fotos, zahlreiche Farbfotos und Aquarelle, Landkarten, 5 Checklisten de rPflanzen und Tiere des Parks.
SANParks. ISBN 086953-021-6.


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Donnerstag, 14 Juni 2018 08:51

MACDONALD, I. A. W. (1983)

Alien trees, shrubs and creepers invading indigenous vegetation in the Hluhluwe-Umfolozi game reserve complex in Natal.

Bothalia 1983 Vol. 14 No. 3/4 pp. 949-959. ISSN 0006-8241. 


The results of a survey and monitoring programme conducted in the Hluhluwe-Umfolozi Game  Reserve Complex in Natal are presented. The area consists of 900 km2  of savanna and forest vegetation. Twenty alien tree, shrub and creeper species currently invading indigenous vegetation within the Complex are listed. Herbaceous aliens were not surveyed. An analysis of the habitats being invaded by these alien plants is presented and it is concluded that riverine and forest-edge habitats  are those most seriously threatened  by  alien  plant  infestations. The  distribution, nature and  history of the infestations  of each  species  are  summarized.  Distribution  maps given for the eight species which are currently most important in the Complex. The potential threat posed by each species is estimated and the species are ranked in order of priority for contro  action. The  South  American  composite, Chromolaena (Eupatorium) odorata, is identified as being the alien species currently  posing the greatest threat to natural vegetation in the Complex. The Asian tree, Melia azedarach, is considered the second most important alien species invading the area. It is concluded that both these species should be declared noxious weeds throughout the  Republic and that research into their biological control is urgently required.



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Potential distribution and effectiveness of the protected area network for the crocodile lizard, Shinisaurus crocodilurus (Reptilia: Squamata: Sauria).

SALAMANDRA 50 (2): 71-76.


The crocodile lizard, Shinisaurus crocodilurus Ahl, 1930, is a monotypic taxon, restricted in occurrence to southern  China  and  northern  Vietnam.  Wild  populations  are  presently  suffering  tremendous  declines,  mainly  due  to  illegal poaching,  habitat  destruction,  and  fragmentation,  which  already  led  to  the  extinction  of  populations  in  Guangxi  and Hunan provinces in China. In order to accelerate the discovery of so far unknown populations of S. crocodilurus and to identify suitable priority areas for conservation strategies, we determined the species’ potential distribution using correlative species distribution models (SDMs) based on locality records and a set of satellite-based  environmental predictors.

In addition, we evaluated the coverage of the species’ potential distribution with designated protected areas according to IUCN standards. The resulting SDM revealed potentially suitable habitats to be scattered and disconnected while being very small in size. Moreover, present coverage with nature reserves is extremely poor, underlining the urgent need for improved habitat protection measures and potential population restoration of S. crocodilurus.

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Donnerstag, 14 Juni 2018 08:48

DRESSEN, S. (2011)

Buenos Aires, Patagonien, Rio Uruguay - ein argentinischer Reisebericht.

MILU Berlin 13 (3): 457-475.


Der Bericht umfast folgende Abschnitte: Einleitung, Bioparc Temaikén, Halbinsel Valdéés, Nationalpark El Palmar. Es wird u.a. aif das Problem invasiver Neozoen hingewiesen.



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© Peter Dollinger, Zoo Office Bern hyperworx