Beobachtungen zur Herpetofauna Jordaniens. Ein Reisebericht.

ÖGH-Aktuell 31, Dezember 2012: 6-17.


Es wird über eine Sammelreise vom 03-17.052011 nach Jordanien berichtet, auf der 25 Reptilien- und eine Amphibienart gefunden wurden.


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Montag, 23 November 2020 16:34

SMITH, M., BUDD, J. & GROSS, C. (2003)

The Distribution of Blanford's fox (Vulpes cana Blanford, 1877) in the United Arab Emirates.

Journal of Arid Environments 54 (1): 55-60.


Blanford's fox, Vulpes cana, was first recorded in Arabia in 1981 and in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in 1995. It has since been shown that they are locally abundant in their range in the north-eastern mountains of UAE. Population density, as determined by catch-per-unit-effort (CPUE), was compared for several sampled sites. Predators or the lack thereof may produce the trends observed, as foxes may be an important food source for Arabian leopards. External body measurements, except for body weight, are similar to those previously recorded. Tail tip color is not conclusive in their identification, as individuals with white- and black-tipped tails have been caught.


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Mittwoch, 17 Juni 2020 15:09

WOOD, R. J. (1992)

The propagation and maintenance of the Arabian tahr Hemitragus jayakari at the Omani Mammal Breeding Centre, Bait al Barakah.

International Zoo Yearb. 31: 255-260.


Der Artikel enthält Angaben über die Gefährdungs- und Schutzsituation, eine Artbeschreibung, Informationen über den Aufbau einer Zuchtherde, ihr Verhalten und ihr Management.


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Dienstag, 19 März 2019 13:45

VIÉ, J.-C. (1996)

Reproductive biology of captive Arabian oryx (Oryx leucoryx) in Saudi Arabia.

Zoo Biology 15 (4): 371-381.<371::AID-ZOO2>3.0.CO;2-8


Reproductive data on captive Arabian oryx (Oryx leucoryx) were collected from June 1986 through April 1992 at the National Wildlife Research Center (Taif, Saudi Arabia). Oryx females are polyestrous. The estrous cycle averaged 22 days and mean gestation length was 260 ± 5.5 days (S.D). Sex ratio at birth was unbiased and mean weight was 6.5 ± 0.7 kg (S.D.), with no difference between sexes. Under captive breeding conditions, births occurred throughout the year. Females gave birth to a single calf at any time during the day and produced 1.03 young per year. Abortion rate was 3.6%. Mortality rate of young was 6.1% before weaning at 3 months of age. The interbirth interval averaged 295 ± 42 days (S.D.), with 53% lasting between 270 and 279 days. Females reached sexual maturity at the age of 13 months.



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Mittwoch, 23 August 2017 07:27

WILMS, T., LÖHR, B & HULBERT, F. (2002)

Erstmalige Nachzucht der Oman-Dornschwanzagame - Uromastyx thomasi PARKER, 1930 - (Sauria: Agamidae: Leiolepidinae) mit Hinweisen zur intraspezifischen Variabilität und zur Lebensweise.

SALAMANDRA 38 (1): 45-62


Während einer herpetologischen Expedition in das Sultanat von Oman im November und
Dezember 1998 konnten Daten zur Ökologie von Uromastyx thomasi erhoben und einige Tiere
im Rahmen eines wissenschaftlich begleiteten Zuchtprojektes gefangen werden. In der
vorliegenden Arbeit werden die Haltungsbedingungen beschrieben, die zur erstmaligen
Nachzucht dieser Art in Menschenobhut führten. Neben den Reproduktionsdaten werden die
Kenntnisse zur Ökologie sowie zur Chorologie, intraspezifischen Variabilität und Taxonomie
von Uromastyx thomasi zusammengefasst.

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Donnerstag, 14 Juni 2018 09:20

MALLON, D. P. & BUDD, K. (2011)

Regional Red List status of carnivores in the Arabian Peninsula.

49 Seiten, Abbildungen, Verbreitungskarten. IUCN, Gland und Cambrige und The Environment and Protected Areas Authority, Government of Sharjah, UAE


A Regional Red List Workshop for the carnivores of the Arabian Peninsula took place 8-10 February 2011. The aim of the workshop was to assess the regional conservation status of terrestrial carnivores in the Arabian Peninsula. The information provided here will help to put national conservation priorities into a regional context, thus maximising the effectiveness of local and national conservation measures, and facilitating the development of integrated regional conservation strategies. This Red List publication summarizes results for terrestrial carnivores and provides the first overview of the conservation status of these species to follow IUCN Regional Red Listing guidelines. It identifies species that are threatened with extinction at the regional level – in order that appropriate conservation action can be taken to improve their status.

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History of the Arabian leopard Captive Breeding Programme

Cat News Special Issue No. 1: 40-43.  IUCN Cat Specialist Group. ISSN 1027-2992.


The Arabian leopard (Panthera pardus nimr) is highly endangered and captive breeding has therefore become an essential component of conservation for this species. The Captive Breeding Program has been operating in its present form since 1999 although the fi rst Arabian leopards registered in the studbook were caught in 1985. During the 1990’s additional institutions within the range states began to acquire leopards and the need for a coordinated breeding program became a priority. The Regional Studbook was fi rst published in its present form in 1999 and has been followed by several Conservation Assessment and Management workshops through which improved regional cooperation has been initiated. A large proportion of the captive population is wild caught, however, only half of these have produced offspring in captivity. To maximise genetic diversity in the captive population, it is essential that the unrepresented founder animals contribute to the breeding program.


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Dienstag, 23 Dezember 2014 15:45

SPALTON, J. A. & AL HIKMANI, H. M. (2006)

The Leopard in the Arabian Peninsula - Distribution an Subspecies Status

Cat News Special Issue No. 1: 4-8- IUCN Cat Specialist Group. ISSN 1027-2992.


Historically it was considered that there were four subspecies of leopards in the Arabian region. Today P. p.jarvisi no longer occurs and the ranges of P. p. tulliana and P. p. saxicolor have severely contracted north. Only P. p. nimr, the Arabian leopard, remains. Morphological data suggests nimr to be the smallest of the leopards and a distinct subspecies but this has yet to be conclusively confi rmed by genetic evidence. Recent records give a bleak picture of the status of P. p. nimr. A few individuals survive in the Judean Desert and Negev Highlands while in the Arabian Peninsula leopards are known from just one location in the Republic of Yemen and one in the Sultanate of Oman. In Yemen the leopards of the Al Wada’a area are under great pressure from killing and from capture for trade. In Oman the situation is much more hopeful and the leopards of the Dhofar Mountains have benefi ted from comprehensive conservation measures. While the possibility, however remote, of the existence of other relict populations cannot be ruled out the need for urgent conservation action across the region is obvious given the reality that the Arabian leopard may soon be reduced to two, or even just one population in the wild.


23.12.2014 - 694

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Catastrophic die-off of globally threatened Arabian Oryx and Sand Gazelle in the fenced protected area of the arid central Saudi Arabia.

J. Threatened Taxa 2 (2): 577-684.


A large number of die-off of globally threatened Arabian Oryx (Oryx leucoryx), and Arabian Sand Gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa marica) were recorded from 1999 to 2008 in fenced Mahazat as-Sayd Protected Area (PA) in western-central Saudi Arabia. Mortalities of animals have been recorded during summer months when the rainfall is negligible or insignificant. Deaths were due to starvation because of reduced availability, accessibility and quality of food plants in the area.  In total, 560 oryxand 2815 sand gazelle deaths were recorded since the reintroduction projects began till the end of 2008.  Mortalities of animals were higher in 1999-2001, 2006, 2007 and 2008.  Grazing of oryxhabitat depends on rainfall and animals move over great distances in response to rain.  The fence around Mahazat as-Sayd PA prevents natural movements of animals, and artificially concentrates the ungulate populations into possibly unfavourable habitat. The sand gazelle is a highly gregarious and migratory species, moving long distances in search of good quality pastures. Populations of sand gazelle in Central Asia are also known to migrate over large distances, covering several hundred kilometers.  It is therefore likely that by preventing natural movements of sand gazelles and oryx, fencing may have reinforced the effects of stressful conditions such as drought.  To reduce the catastrophic effects, a Strategy and Action Plan was developed in August 2008 to manage oryx and gazelle within the reserve and with provision for food and water at the five camps in the reserve as emergency plan to minimize mortalities.



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Donnerstag, 14 Juni 2018 15:25

SPALTON, A. (1993)

A brief history of reintroduction of the Arabian oryx Oryx leucoryx into Oman 1980-1992.

Int. Zoo Yb. 32: 81-90.

In 1972 the Arabian or White oryx Oryx leucoryx was extinct in the wild. Nine years earlier a captive ‘World Herd’ of nine oryx had been established in the USA (Fitter, 1982). Other captive herds existed in Arabia. In 1980 animals were brought back to the central desert of Oman for release on the Jiddat al-Harasis.



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