HOMANN, W. G. (1975)
Breeding the International Herd of Arabian Oryx at Phoenix Zoo.
In: MARTIN, R. D. (ed.) Breeding Endangered Species in Captivity. Academic Press, London, New York, San Francisco. ISBN 0-12-47850-3.
GRETH, A. & SCHWEDE, G. (1993)
The reintroduction programme for the Arabian oryx Oryx leucoryx in Saudi Arabia.
Int. Zoo Yb. 32: 73-80.
The Arabian oryx Oryx leucoryx has become a symbol of the recovery through ex situ conservation measures of a species once extinct in the wild. Formerly ranging over most of the Arabian Peninsula and as far north as Israel and Syria (Tristram, 1884; Stewart, 1963), the Arabian oryx became extinct in the wild in 1972 (Henderson, 1974). ‘Operation Oryx’, organized by the Fauna and Flora Preser- vation Society, was responsible for the capture of three wild specimens in 1962 and, with gifts from the London Zoo, the Emir of Kuwait and the King of Saudi Arabia, a founder herd of nine animals was created and kept at the Phoenix Zoological Garden (Grimwood, 1988). The establishment of the ‘World Herd’ and a studbook, and the development of a co-operative programme between several zoological institutions all over the world have permitted the successful propagation of the species in captivity (Dolan, 1989). The world captive population now reaches 2000 individuals. Reintroduction as the ultimate goal of captive-breeding programmes for endan- gered species has become an important tool in conservation. In 1982, the first Arabian oryx were released into the wild in the central desert region of Oman (Stanley Price, 1989). The pilot project has proved to be highly successful, both from a biological point of view, with a wild herd of 112 individuals at the end of 1990 (Spalton, 1992, see also this volume), and from a sociological point of view, with the support of the local bedouin communities. Another project has started in Jordan in a fenced reserve (Abu Jafar & Hays-Shahin, 1988) and reintroduction is also planned in Israel. In Saudi Arabia, the National Commis- sion for Wildlife Conservation and Development (NCWCD) has engaged in ambitious reintroduction programmes of various native species, as part of a long- term strategy to restore the country’s bio- diversity. Today, more than 20 years after its extermination in the wild, the Arabian oryx has started to make a successful comeback. In 1986 a captive-breeding programme was established at the National Wildlife Research Center in Taif (Abu-Zinada et al., 1988).
GOODWIN, I. (2011)
European studbook for Arabian Oryx (Oryx leucoryx) 2010 Edition.
Published by Marwell Wildlife.
Welcome to the 2010 European studbook for Arabian Oryx. It provides up to date information on the European captive population (current until 31/12/2010). This includes EAZA member institutions outside Europe - the United Arab Emirates, the State of Qatar and Israel. This is my second studbook since taking on the Arabian Oryx EEP and, with the help of people like you who are reading this; this flagship spec
ies is making some progress and will continue to do so with your ongoing support.
European Population Overview:
The total number of Arabian Oryx in European zoological institutions as reported to the studbook keeper on the 31st December 2010 is 55.116.0 (171) in 22 institutions. Of these 48.105.0 (153) in 16 institutions live in the EEP.
BOSLEY, L. F. (2011)
International Studbook for Eastern / Mountain Bongo (Tragelaphus eurycerus isaaci), Year 2010 Edition.
Vol.XXV. The Oregon Zoo
BEUDELS, R.C. et al. (2005)
BEUDELS, R.C., DEVILLERS, P., LAFONTAINE, R.-M., DEVILLERS-TERSCHUREN, J. & BEUDELS, M.-O. (2005).
Sahelo-Saharan Antelopes - Status and Perspectives.
2nd edition. Prepared by the Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique.
CMS Technical Series Nº 11. 126 Seiten.
Vorwort zur 2. Auflage:
The original documents entitled “Conservation Measures for Sahelo-Saharan Antelopes. Action Plan and Status Reports”were published in 1999 by UNEP / CMS and prepared by Roseline C. Beudels-Jamar, Pierre Devillers, Jean Devillers-Terschuren and René-Marie Lafontaine - IRScNB - 1999.
They were based on on documents prepared for the Convention on Migratory Species by Pierre Pfeffer (1993b, 1995) and on supporting documents for the action plan on Sahelo-Saharan antelopes adopted by the 4th Conference of the Parties of the Convention, documents that were prepared by Roseline C. Beudels, Martine Bigan, Pierre Devillers and Pierre Pfeffer (1994). The information it contains originates mainly from the global surveys and regional action plans edited by Rod East (1988, 1990), and the fundamental work of Hubert Gillet (1965, 1969) and John E. Newby (1974, 1988, in particular).
This reports were reviewed and updated by Roseline C. Beudels-Jamar, Pierre Devillers, René-Marie Lafontaine and Marie-Odile Beudels, IRScNB, on the basis of recent surveys and of development of conservation efforts. SCF and SSIG participated in the review, in particular John Newby, Tania Gilbert, François Larmaque, Heiner Engel, Tim Wacher, Mar Cano, Fabrice Cuzin, Abdelkader Jebali, Teresa Abigair and Koen De Smet. Maurice Ascani participated in the review of the chapter Addax nasomaculatus
Maps: lay-out by Isabelle Bachy, IRScNB.
Marie-Odile Beudels was responsible for the composition, lay-out and finalization of this document.