C

CUCHEROUSSET, J., BOULETREAU, S., AZEMAR, F., COMPIN, A., GUILLAUME, M. & SANTOUL, F. (2012)

“Freshwater Killer Whales”: Beaching Behavior of an Alien Fish to Hunt Land Birds.

PLoS ONE 7(12): e50840. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0050840. Published: December 5, 2012,

Abstract:

The behavioral strategies developed by predators to capture and kill their prey are fascinating, notably for predators that forage for prey at, or beyond, the boundaries of their ecosystem. We report here the occurrence of a beaching behavior used by an alien and large-bodied freshwater predatory fish (Silurus glanis) to capture birds on land (i.e. pigeons, Columbia livia). Among a total of 45 beaching behaviors observed and filmed, 28% were successful in bird capture. Stable isotope analyses (δ13C and δ15N) of predators and their putative prey revealed a highly variable dietary contribution of land birds among individuals. Since this extreme behavior has not been reported in the native range of the species, our results suggest that some individuals in introduced predator populations may adapt their behavior to forage on novel prey in new environments, leading to behavioral and trophic specialization to actively cross the water-land interface.

cucherousset-biblio

18.11.2015 - 345

Cucherousset, J., Boulêtreau, S., Azémar, F., Compin, A., Guillaume, M. & Santoul, F. (2012)

“Freshwater Killer Whales”: Beaching Behavior of an Alien Fish to Hunt Land Birds

PLoS ONE 7(12): e50840. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0050840. Published: December 5, 2012

Abstract

The behavioral strategies developed by predators to capture and kill their prey are fascinating, notably for predators that forage for prey at, or beyond, the boundaries of their ecosystem. We report here the occurrence of a beaching behavior used by an alien and large-bodied freshwater predatory fish (Silurus glanis) to capture birds on land (i.e. pigeons, Columbia livia). Among a total of 45 beaching behaviors observed and filmed, 28% were successful in bird capture. Stable isotope analyses (δ13C and δ15N) of predators and their putative prey revealed a highly variable dietary contribution of land birds among individuals. Since this extreme behavior has not been reported in the native range of the species, our results suggest that some individuals in introduced predator populations may adapt their behavior to forage on novel prey in new environments, leading to behavioral and trophic specialization to actively cross the water-land interface.

Gelesen 1615 mal Letzte Änderung am Sonntag, 08 Oktober 2023 14:45
© Peter Dollinger, Zoo Office Bern hyperworx